Having a heart attack can be scary for you and your loved ones. Unfortunately, your risk of having another heart attack is increased once you experience your first. This risk is heavily determined by the type treatment you had performed after your first heart attack.
An invasive surgery will manage the plaque that causes blockage in the coronary artery, but a non-invasive procedure will not have dealt with this problem in the same manner. It is important to ask your cardiologist about this and determine the severity of the blockage is and if any plaque is still present. The amount of plaque left over increases your risk of having a re-occurring attack.
The main two areas that you and your doctor should discuss in trying to prevent another heart attack. The two most common options are drug therapy and lifestyle changes.
1. Drug Therapy
Your cardiologist may prescribe you medication that prevents the sudden occlusion of a diseased coronary artery or that slows the progression of coronary artery disease. These drugs include statins and aspirins. Statin drugs will help in preventing another attack and aspirins work to reduce the chance of blood clots at the site of plaque. Remember to take your prescriptions according to your doctor’s instructions for best results.
2. Lifestyle changes
You will also need to make a lot of important adjustments to your lifestyle if you are not currently leading a healthy one. You should ensure that you reach your optimal weight by going on a heart friendly diet, quit smoking, and maintain a regular exercise routine to strengthen your heart. Reducing your stress level is another essential lifestyle change that can promote a healthier heart.
In order to avoid being the victim of a heart attack twice, you need to take your health and recovery seriously. Make sure to talk to your cardiologist about the next steps to take after your first heart attack. As well, you will want to ensure you are taking the right medications everyday and ensure that your lifestyle is adjusted to making healthy choices daily.
If you have had a heart attack, ask your doctor for a referral to Heart Health Institute. Our team of cardiologists can advise you on the best course of action to prevent another heart attack.