How is Heart Arrhythmia Treated?

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Many types of heart arrhythmias are not treated because they are harmless to the body. Your cardiologist can help you in determining whether your arrhythmia needs to be treated by performing cardiac testing. They will determine if your arrhythmia is abnormal or if it simply reflects the heart’s normal functioning.

Your cardiologist will also need to determine if the arrhythmia is significant, meaning that it may increase your risk for more serious arrhythmias or complications in the future. If the results do show that the condition is clinically significant, then a treatment plan will be created for you to control your heart rate, treat any heart disease that may be causing the arrhythmia, and if possible, restore a normal heart rate.

There are many treatments available and your doctor will help you in choosing the right course of action. Here are 3 treatments often used in patients with cardiac arrhythmia:

1.      Medication

There are many different types of medications available to treat heart arrhythmia. These medications can be used to help prevent heart attack, stroke, or the progression of coronary heart disease.

It is important to recognize that with these options comes a trial and error method in order to find the right one for you.

  • Anti-arrhythmic drugs – can suppress the abnormal firing of the heart and regulate your heartbeat
  • Anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy: Help to reduce the risk of clots forming and preventing strokes.

2. Pacemaker

This permanent device is used to help the heart from beating too slowly. It sends electrical pulses to the heart so that it can keep a healthy heart rate.

3. Lifestyle changes

Along with the medical treatments, your doctor will also prescribe lifestyle changes for your condition. This will include limiting your alcohol intake, quitting smoking if you are a smoker, reducing the amount of caffeine you consume and avoiding ingestion of stimulants. Reducing your overall stress levels is another change that is effective in many patients.

There are many treatments available to those with abnormal arrhythmias, and they will often involve a combination of techniques to reduce your risk of heart attack or heart disease. Working with your cardiologist to understand your condition is crucial in setting up the best plan for you.  Ask your doctor for a referral to Heart Health Institute to work with one of our cardiologists to determine a treatment plan.

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